The White House Executive Order on Artificial Intelligence adds safety requirements for next-generation technology
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President Joe Biden He issued an executive order on Monday aimed at improving the safety, security and trustworthiness of artificial intelligence in the public and private sectors.
The executive order requires developers of “any basic model that poses a serious risk to national security, national economic security, or national public health and safety” to share safety findings with the federal government. It also ordered the development of programs and working documents that address cybersecurity, safety, and risks in the field of artificial intelligence.
“It is the next step in a bold strategy to do everything on all fronts to leverage the benefits of AI and mitigate the risks.” Bruce Reed, White House Deputy Chief of StaffHe said in a statement.
The mandate to disclose health outcomes only applies if the model exceeds a specified computing performance limit, which is set at 10 to the power of 26 floating-point operations per second, or FLOPS.
“My understanding is that (the threshold) will not capture any system that is currently on the market, so this is a forward-looking measure primarily for the next generation of models,” a senior administration official said.
This threshold applies to all safety provisions described in the executive order, including the provision that mandates the National Institute of Standards and Technology to establish standards for the expanded red team before publicly releasing models.
The White House did not consider restrictions, such as removal from the market, of systems that were already public, according to a senior administration official.
Technology leaders and their business partners in legal, privacy and risk departments have closely tracked the evolving regulatory landscape. The measures set out in the document place barriers around technology risks, but stop short of imposing consequences on companies that do not complyThis is what analysts and industry observers have called for.
“For this Executive Order to have an impact, the requirements must be clear, and actions must be mandated when it comes to ensuring safe and compliant AI practices.” Alla Valente, Forrester senior analyst, said via email on Friday. “Simply put, we don’t need more ‘voluntary’ frameworks to regulate AI – we need clear guidance and mandatory requirements.”
While the executive order says the administration will encourage… Federal Trade Commission, Ministry of Justice And other federal agencies To exercise its authority, the White House cannot direct the FTC or the Department of Justice to implement specific actions.
“We think we’re going to the appropriate extent in the executive order…but we’re not giving them very detailed step-by-step guidance on how to carry out their executive duties for entirely appropriate legal reasons,” a senior administration official said. The official said.
The most urgent deliverable to follow through on the Executive Order will likely be completion Office of Management and Budget memorandum on AI governance, according to a senior administration official.
The White House plans to hold frequent director-level meetings with agency heads, chaired by Reid, to make sure they follow the schedule.
“I would reject any notion that we are falling behind anyone,” a senior administration official said, referring to the speed of regulatory action in the United States compared to other countries.
Vice President Kamala Harris will attend the UK AI Summit on Tuesday and will deliver a speech about the administration’s vision for the future of AI.